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Nowadays people often have jaws hat are too small for all 32 teeth - 28 is often the most we have room for.
What are "wisdom teeth"?
Adults can have up to 32 teeth, while children have only 20 teeth. As we grow up, our "baby teeth" become loose and our "adult teeth" grow in and replace our baby teeth. The last teeth to grow in for most adults are the so-called "wisdom teeth"; they are called by dentists, the "third molars". Wisdom teeth usually appear between ages 17 and 25, although they sometimes appear many years later. Nowadays, many people have jaws that are too small for all 32 teeth; 28 is often the most for which we have sufficient room. In this case, if all the other teeth are present and healthy, too little space exists for the wisdom teeth to be properly positioned. The lack of space is what causes problems that are peculiar to wisdom teeth.
Do wisdom teeth always cause problems?
No. If there is enough room, wisdom teeth will usually grow into useful positions and cause no more problems than any other kind of teeth. When wisdom teeth initially make their appearance, you may feel some discomfort or even mild pain. These symptoms are only temporary and they will disappear when the tooth grows into its proper position.
What is an impacted wisdom tooth?
If there is not enough room, the wisdom tooth may try to come through, but will push against the tooth on one side of it, which is the 쐓econd molar. The wisdom tooth will grow in at an angle, or out of alignment, and will be described by the dentist as 쐇mpacted. Correction requires surgery.
What problems should I be prepared for with wisdom teeth?
If part of the wisdom tooth has poked through the gum and part of the wisdom tooth is still covered by the gum, the gum may become sore and perhaps swollen. Food particles and bacteria can collect under the gum line and cleaning becomes difficult. This is known as "pericoronitis", which is a temporary problem that can be dealt with using mouthwashes and special cleaning methods. Antibiotics may be needed in severe cases. If the problem repeatedly recurs, removing the errant wisdom tooth may be a better solution.
What can I do to help relieve the discomfort of wisdom teeth?
A mouthwash of one teaspoon of salt in a cup of medium hot, not boiling, water will help to reduce gum soreness and inflammation. Be careful not to use water that is too hot. Swish the salt water around the tooth, trying to get into areas that your toothbrush cannot reach. This should be done several times a day. An antibacterial mouthwash containing chlorhexidine can also reduce the inflammation.
Are x-rays needed for wisdom teeth?
The dentist will usually take x-rays to assess the position of the wisdom root and will decide whether or not there is enough room for the tooth to come through into a useful position.
What are the main reasons for extracting wisdom teeth?
FBecause modern dentistry has effective procedures for correcting many wisdom-tooth problems, far fewer wisdom teeth are removed now than in the past. If the tooth is not causing problems, your dentist will often prefer not to remove a wisdom tooth. Only remove wisdom teeth if they: - will not be able to come through into a useful position because there is not enough room and they are also causing some pain or discomfort. - they have only partly come through and are decayed. Such decayed teeth are often difficult to be properly cleaned. - if they are painful.
Are wisdom teeth difficult to take out?
It all depends on the position and the condition of the roots. Your dentist will tell you how easy or difficult each tooth will be to remove after looking at the x-rays. Upper wisdom teeth are often easier to remove than lower ones, which are more likely to be impacted. Your dentist will tell whether the tooth should be taken out at the dental practice, or whether you should be referred to a specialist (oral surgeon) at a hospital. Although very infrequent, the possibility exists of some numbness of the lip after the removal of a lower wisdom tooth. If this is your case, your dentist will forewarn you. Local anesthetic is applied, as would anesthetic for any extraction. Sedation may also be recommended for some patients. For difficult surgeries, a general anesthetic (where you would be asleep) can also be used, but this will only be given in a hospital. .
What should I expect after a wisdom tooth is removed?
The amount of discomfort will depend on the degree of difficulty in removing the tooth. Usually, some swelling and discomfort will follow for a few days after surgery. To avoid infection, follow your dentist's advice about mouthwashes and other hygienic precautions. Commonly used pain-killers, such as paracetamol, aspirin, or ibuprofen, can usually deal with any pain. Staying fairly quiet and relaxed and refraining from drinking and smoking for 24 hours after surgery is highly recommended for minimizing potential bleeding problems. A follow-up office visit about a week after surgery is the usual practice for evaluating the progress of gum healing and for the removal of stitches if they were applied during surgery.
What is the cost of removing wisdom teeth?
The cost of wisdom-tooth removal will vary according to the difficulty of the procedure and whether removal was performed in a dental office or in a hospital. We recommend that you receive a written estimate before starting treatment.
What does it cost to remove wisdom teeth?